Treating self-injurious behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder (Top 5%)
Self-injurious behaviors (SIBs) are “a class of behaviors, often highly repetitive and rhythmic, that result in physical harm to the individual displaying the behavior.” In the autistic population, SIBs are considered non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors, due to no apparent intent or willful self-harm. SIBs are highly prevalent in people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
How much compliance is too much compliance: Is long-term ABA therapy abuse?
This article discusses the prevalence of ASD with specific regard to the most ubiquitous current treatment, Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). A discussion of some of the issues with the underlying theory of ABA in its current application is conducted, especially with regard to “lower functioning” and nonverbal autistic individuals; namely, the curtailing of soothing “stimming” behaviors, operant conditioning, behaviorist principles that research has continued to prove it is not apt for usage with autistic individuals, as well as the unintended but damaging consequences, such as prompt dependency, psychological abuse and compliance that tend to pose high costs on former ABA students as they move into adulthood.
Visual communication analysis (VCA): Applying self-determination theory and research-based practices to autism
Per the Centers for Disease Control, approximately 31% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are classified as intellectually disabled and between 25% and 50% of children with ASD do not develop functional verbal communication. This study was conducted to test the effectiveness of Visual Communication Analysis (VCA) as a method to teach communication and reduce maladaptive behaviors in non-verbal children with severe autism.
The Trauma of Broad-Based Inclusion for Students with Autism
Inclusion is a model where students with disabilities spend most/all of their time in an educational setting with non-disabled students. This model has led many countries to pass laws requiring disabled students be educated in the least restrictive environment: they should be educated with students without disabilities to the maximum extent possible. However, this model ignores the very nature of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
Long-term ABA Therapy Is Abusive: A Response to Gorycki, Ruppel, and Zane.
In a recent response to a review of ABA literature, methodologies, and ethics, the authors of the response attempted to negate the compilation of research presented. The goal of their response was to advocate for the continued use of ABA and attempt to demonstrate that it is in fact effective in treating autism.
Visual Communication Analysis (VCA): Implementing self-determination theory and research-based practices in special education classrooms
Researchers found that through the use of VCA, children with various diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Intellectual Disability, and/or Speech and Language Impairment were taught to type independently and thereby improved their learning and functional communication skills, while also showing significant decreases in maladaptive behaviors.
Health Effects of Depleted Uranium on Exposed Gulf War Veterans: A 10-Year Follow-Up
Findings observed in this chronically exposed cohort offer guidance for predicting future health effects in other potentially exposed populations and provide helpful data for hazard communication for future deployed personnel.
Parental Alienation Syndrome/Parental Alienation Disorder (PAS/PAD): A Critique of a 'Disorder' Frequently Used to Discount Allegations of Interpersonal Violence and Abuse in Child Custody Cases
Can There Be a Bridge Between Interpersonal Violence/Abuse and Parental Alienation Proponents: A Response to Milchman
Biological monitoring and surveillance results of Gulf War I veterans exposed to depleted uranium
Identifying and monitoring cognitive deficits in clinical populations using Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) tests
An Exploration of the Construct Validity of the Heaton Memory Tests